Sam van Smoorenburg , Janet M Kist, Rimke C Vos , Hedwig M M Vos
Dit artikel verscheen onlangs in BMJ open. Het volledige artikel is hier te vinden.
Pregnancy is a predictor of women’s health later in life. The risk of eventually developing cardiovascular disease (CVD) and/or type 2 diabetes (T2D) increases three to seven times, after pre-eclampsia, hypertension gravidarum or gestational diabetes. The Heart for Women in The Hague project was designed to offer targeted screening to this high-risk population. This research aimed to gather insight regarding the initial experiences of healthcare providers and women with pre-eclampsia, hypertension gravidarum or gestational diabetes.
Design and setting
This study applied a qualitative semistructured interview design using an interview guide based on ‘The Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR).’ Interviews were recorded, transcribed and coded in accordance with the five main CFIR themes. The setting of the study was primary and secondary care in The Hague, the Netherlands. Interviews were carried out from December 2021 until February 2022. The language was Dutch or English.
Participants (n=13) were women of the target population (n=7) and relevant healthcare professionals (n=6).
Healthcare providers and women were generally positive concerning screening. Healthcare providers agreed that this forgotten group deserves attention and felt that the regional transmural agreement (RTA) provided a clear policy. Women stated that they would like screening to continue and were open-minded regarding lifestyle guidance. Reported barriers included current lack of an easy way of contacting the population after a year, lack of knowledge among the women concerning increased risk, unfamiliarity of new colleagues with the RTA and lack of evidence that screening actually prevents disease.
Implementation of screening programmes to prevent or delay the development of CVD and/or T2D after complicated pregnancies will likely improve awareness in both patients and healthcare providers. Healthcare providers considered the RTA important because it concerns a forgotten high-risk population. Future research should focus on the improved effectiveness of tailored interventions to delay or prevent CVD.
Het volledige artikel is hier te vinden: https://bmjopen.bmj.com/content/bmjopen/13/8/e066198.full.pdf