IMPACT ON WOMEN
- 23% of women ≥45 years of age and 18% of men ≥45 years of age will die within one year of a first recognized heart attack; 47% of women and 36% of men heart attack survivors will die within five years.1
- Following a heart attack, 22% of women >45 years of age and 16% of men >45 years of age will be diagnosed with heart failure within five years.1
- 64% of women and 50% of men who die suddenly from CHD had no previous symptoms of this disease.2
- For women <55 years of age, mortality rates are showing no signs of decline.3
- After a heart attack, women are less likely than men to participate in cardiac rehabilitation. 4
MORE FATAL THAN ANY OTHER DISEASE
- Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death ofAmerican women. It is responsible for one in 3 female deaths in the U.S. 1
- CVD caused approximately 1 death every 1 minute and 20 seconds among women in 2013. That represents approximately the same number of female lives claimed by cancer, chronic lower respiratory diseases and diabetes combined.1
- 398,086 deaths in American women are caused by CVD each year.1
- 50,742 women die each year from heart attacks.1
WHO IS AT RISK?
- Cigarette smokers are 2 to 4 times more likely to develop heart disease than non-smokers.5
- 44.9% of women have total cholesterol of at least 200mg/dL.1
- 31.7% of women do not engage in leisure time physical activity.1
- 61.2% of Caucasian women, 81.9% of African-American women, and 76.3% of Mexican-American women are overweight or obese.1
- Women with diabetes have a 2.5-fold higher risk for developing CVD compared to women who do
not have diabetes, and men with diabetes have a 2.4-hold higher risk for developing CVD compared
to men who do not have diabetes; women with diabetes and CVD have a 2.2-fold higher risk of dying
from CVD compared to women who do not have these two conditions; men with diabetes and CVD
have a 1.7-fold increased risk of dying from CVD compared to men who do not have these two
- Mozaffarian, Dariush, MD, DrPH, FAHA, Benjamin, Emelia J., MD, ScM, FAHA, Go, Alan S., MD, et. al. Heart Disease and Stroke
Statistics 2016 Update: A Report from theAmerican Heart Association Statistics Committee and Stroke Statistics Subcommittee.
Circulation 2016. Pages 42, 79, 94, 113, 148, 151, 258, 261, and 262.
- Thom, Thomas, Haase, Nancy, Rosamond, Wayne, PhD et. al. Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics 2006 Update: A Report from the American Heart Association Statistics Subcommittee. Circulation 2006.
- Wilmot, Kobina A., MD, O’Flaherty, Martin, MD, PhD, MSc, et. al., Coronary Heart Disease Mortality Declines in the United States
from 1979 Through 2011. Circulation 2015; 132: 997-1002
- Sanderson, BK, Shewchuk, RM, Bittner, V, Cardiac rehabilitation and women: what keeps them away? Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention, January-February 2010.
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention fact sheet: “Health Effects of Cigarette Smoking,” updated October 1, 2015.